Possible new treatment against cell death
According to the researchers, the new discoveries is not only good news for diabetes treatment.
“The cells´ ability to change identity and function, may be a decisive discovery in treating other diseases caused by cell death, such as Alzheimer´s disease and cellular damage due to heart attacks”, says Luiza Ghila.
- There are three different types of cells in the pancreas: alpha-cells, beta-cells and delta-cells.These produce different kinds of hormones for blood sugar regulation.
- The cells make clusters. Alpha-cells produce glucagon, which increases the blood sugar levels. Beta-cells produce insulin, which decreases glucagon levels. Delta-cells produce somatostatin, which controls the regulation of the Alpha and Beta Cells.
- Persons with diabetes have a damaged beta-cell function, and therefore have constant high blood sugar levels.